FIP is usually transmitted via the faeces or saliva of infected cats or through objects that have come into contact with sick animals. Accordingly, careful hygiene and the isolation of sick animals are the best preventive measures.
FIP: Large populations of cats are particularly at risk
Where many cats live closely together, such as in animal shelters or in cat breeders, the risk of infection with FIP is particularly high. Freelancers who have a lot of contact with other cats are particularly at risk. The corona viruses that trigger the infection can survive outside the cat's body for a while, which is why infection is also possible via feeding bowls or fur brushes - special attention should be paid to regular cleaning and replacement. Meticulous litter box hygiene is also an effective preventive measure, since corona viruses are excreted in the faeces.
FIP vaccination: controversial
Vaccination to prevent FIP exists but does not offer complete protection. The vaccination must also be refreshed every year at the veterinarian, otherwise it will lose its effectiveness. Vaccination is only useful for cats kept individually in the home who have never been in contact with the FIP-causing viruses. In this way, these animals can be protected from viruses that are transmitted, for example, by cat droppings carried over their shoes. Vaccination protection cannot be guaranteed for cats that have already been exposed to the virus, even if it is only the harmless variant.
Why vaccination is so important for kittens
The kittens' immune system has not yet been fully developed. That's why vaccination is ...