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Why do dogs smell people's privates? Why do dogs sniff our butts? Well, these questions get to the very heart of our relationship with dogs. To understand why dogs sniff our behinds, and why dogs feel the need to sniff our butts, we need to first understand how the nose works.
You can think of a dog's nose as a very tiny computer. It senses smells and determines the type of smell. Once it has sensed a smell, it determines how to handle it. Dogs are very good at picking out the smell of their family, their toys, and their food. And this ability is really important to dogs because they use it to sense if something is dangerous and could possibly harm them, or if something is safe and something they want to eat.
What do dogs have to do to actually determine the type of smell?
To sense a smell, a dog takes in r through the nose, or rather through the passages in the nose called nares, or nostrils. You can think of the nares as tiny doors that let r into the nose. These r channels are designed to keep the r fresh and clean. And the way r is actually conducted into the nose is called "whisper flow," and it is very slow and gentle.
So, to help figure out what a dog can smell, think about how r travels from the top of your head down into your nose. When you sniff, you are putting that same process in reverse. Your dog is actually sniffing the r from bottom to top. What do they smell?
Dogs can smell odors. Dogs are excellent at detecting smells and distinguishing them from each other. But, how do they do that?
There is a small organ above the nares in the roof of the dog's nose called the olfactory bulb. That is where the sense of smell takes place. The olfactory bulb is a big bump on the roof of the dog's nose. It receives the signal and then sends it to the olfactory cells deep in the brn. These cells have receptor cells that are connected to the sense of smell.
To smell a scent, the dog has to find the right "chemical fingerprint." The scent molecules are extremely tiny. And when dogs breathe in these little chemicals, they are bombarded with a large number of the same molecule. They become overwhelmed and can't understand what the chemical is. The dog can distinguish between that individual chemical and a thousand others. And with practice, a dog will learn to identify the exact scent it has smelled.
When do dogs smell food?
Sometimes when a dog smells food, they are looking for company or attention. And if they really are hungry, they may smell it when you are not home. This is because there is a part of the dog's brn that makes them "listen" for their owner's footsteps when they are home.
How do dogs smell?
A dog's sense of smell is extremely complex and many of its functions are still not completely understood. That is why, when you try to trn your dog, you are most likely going to be successful when you try something that has to do with smell and not taste.
If you want to know how much your dog is drinking, you might use a drinking dish that has a water level on it and a water level that is calibrated. That way you can accurately measure how much your dog drinks. It is a lot harder to tell how much water your dog is drinking if you only have a water bowl.
**HOW TO TRN YOUR DOG**
**T** HE BASIC TENETS of trning are:
1. **Timing:** Start trning when your dog is young so that the lessons are easier to learn and will be remembered.
2. **Control:** Don't just give your dog "free reign."
3. **Expectation:** If you make an error, your dog must make the correction.
4. **Reliability:** Be consistent and show your dog who's boss.
5. **Release:** Never hold a grudge agnst your dog for "misbehaving."
6. **Prse:** Use prse to celebrate your dog's accomplishments rather than scold and spank.
7. **Tracking:** Make it a game and have fun with your dog.
8. **Teaching:** All trning methods use the principle of breaking down the behavior into components and helping your dog understand what he is doing wrong.
9. **Commitment:** It is a lot easier to learn something when you really want to learn it!
10. **Follow-through:** One of the most important trning principles. If you show your dog that you want to do something, he will do his best to help you.
Trning your dog is a big responsibility. The best thing you can do to be a positive role model for your dog is to become familiar with as many of the concepts in the TENETS as possible.
**Your dog is a valuable part of your home. He loves you and provides security in your home. The most important thing you can do is make sure your dog never finds it necessary to leave your home.**
**If your dog is a small breed, he needs exercise to protect and to keep him in shape.**
# Chapter 4
How to Choose the Right Breed for You
If you are the kind of dog owner who likes to get his hands dirty, has a desire to spend time outdoors and enjoys interacting with other people, then you might want to consider adopting a different type of dog than the one described in the first three chapters.
The dog you see in the pages of this book is the ideal companion. While it's true that all dogs can be trned and socialized to be happy members of society, this type of dog is a joy to live with and he can make the best of any situation. In this chapter, you'll learn about the characteristics that are most desirable for people seeking to adopt this type of dog.
**If you have a young child, a dog of the Labrador or husky variety is an ideal family companion.**
## The Labrador Retriever
**The Labrador Retriever is a hunting breed and a devoted and devoted hunter. He is also a great family companion.**
This dog is big and powerful, a big dog. But with a few extra pounds, he is not too big for his own living space and he is not too strong.
**A large and sturdy breed.**
He is not an active breed and he does not have a lot of energy, but he can be trned to do just about anything. When you add in his gentle temperament, he is an ideal companion.
This dog is well muscled, and his ability to keep fit will depend on how much exercise he gets. He is usually in good shape, but like most of the breeds described here, he can benefit from regular exercise.
The breed standard describes the Labrador Retriever's head as round and flat, and this gives a good indication of his intelligence and the fact that he has a relatively good sense of smell. The skull is also large and flat.
These are large, usually rounded, and of medium length, which gives him a wide-set appearance.
The Labrador Retriever has large, oval eyes that are bright and expressive.
His skin is light brown and the breed standard requires the coat